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Full Online Book HomeNonfictionsA Treatise On Government - BOOK II - Chapter I
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK II - Chapter I Post by :Tomas Category :Nonfictions Author :Aristotle Date :January 2011 Read :1542

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A Treatise On Government - BOOK II - Chapter I

e then we propose to inquire what civil society is of all others
best for those who have it in their power to live entirely as they
wish, it is necessary to examine into the polity of those states which
are allowed to be well governed; and if there should be any others
which some persons have described, and which appear properly
regulated, to note what is right and useful in them; and when we point
out wherein they have failed, let not this be imputed to an
affectation of wisdom, for it is because there are great defects in
all those which are already 'established, that I have been induced to
undertake this work. We will begin with that part of the subject which
naturally presents itself first to our consideration. The members of
every state must of necessity have all things in common, or some
things common, and not others, or nothing at all common. To have
nothing in common is evidently impossible, for society itself is one
species of (1261a) community; and the first thing necessary thereunto
is a common place of habitation, namely the city, which must be one,
and this every citizen must have a share in. But in a government which
is to be well founded, will it be best to admit of a community in
everything which is capable thereof, or only in some particulars, but
in others not? for it is possible that the citizens may have their
wives, and children, and goods in common, as in Plato's Commonwealth;
for in that Socrates affirms that all these particulars ought to be
so. Which then shall we prefer? the custom which is already
established, or the laws which are proposed in that treatise?
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK II - Chapter II A Treatise On Government - BOOK II - Chapter II

A Treatise On Government - BOOK II - Chapter II
as a community of wives is attended with many other difficulties,so neither does the cause for which he would frame his government inthis manner seem agreeable to reason, nor is it capable of producingthat end which he has proposed, and for which he says it ought to takeplace; nor has he given any particular directions for putting it inpractice. Now I also am willing to agree with Socrates in theprinciple which he proceeds upon, and admit that the city ought to beone as much as possible; and yet it is evident that if it iscontracted too much, it will be no

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XIII A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XIII

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XIII
It is evident then that in the due government of a family, greaterattention should be paid to the several members of it and theirvirtues than to the possessions or riches of it; and greater to thefreemen than the slaves: but here some one may doubt whether there isany other virtue in a slave than his organic services, and of higherestimation than these, as temperance, fortitude, justice, andsuch-like habits, or whether they possess only bodily qualities: eachside of the question has its difficulties; for if they possess thesevirtues in do they differ from freemen? and that they do not,since they are men,