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Full Online Book HomeNonfictionsA Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XII
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XII Post by :builder1 Category :Nonfictions Author :Aristotle Date :January 2011 Read :2913

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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XII

e are then three parts of domestic government, the masters, of
which we have already treated, the fathers, and the husbands; now the
government of the wife and children should both be that of free
persons, but not the (I259b) same; for the wife should be treated as a
citizen of a free state, the children should be under kingly power;
for the male is by nature superior to the female, except when
something happens contrary to the usual course of nature, as is the
elder and perfect to the younger and imperfect. Now in the generality
of free states, the governors and the governed alternately change
place; for an equality without any preference is what nature chooses;
however, when one governs and another is governed, she endeavours that
there should be a distinction between them in forms, expressions, and
honours; according to what Amasis said of his laver. This then should
be the established rule between the, man and the woman. The government
of children should be kingly; for the power of the father over the
child is founded in affection and seniority, which is a species of
kingly government; for which reason Homer very properly calls Jupiter
"the father of gods and men," who was king of both these; for nature
requires that a king should be of the same species with those whom he
governs, though superior in some particulars, as is the case between
the elder and the younger, the father and the son.
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XIII A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XIII

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XIII
It is evident then that in the due government of a family, greaterattention should be paid to the several members of it and theirvirtues than to the possessions or riches of it; and greater to thefreemen than the slaves: but here some one may doubt whether there isany other virtue in a slave than his organic services, and of higherestimation than these, as temperance, fortitude, justice, andsuch-like habits, or whether they possess only bodily qualities: eachside of the question has its difficulties; for if they possess thesevirtues in do they differ from freemen? and that they do not,since they are men,
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XI A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XI

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XI
Having already sufficiently considered the general principles of thissubject, let us now go into the practical part thereof; the one is aliberal employment for the mind, the other necessary. These thingsare useful in the management of one's affairs; to be skilful in thenature of cattle, which are most profitable, and where, and how; asfor instance, what advantage will arise from keeping horses, or oxen,or sheep, or any other live stock; it is also necessary to beacquainted with the comparative value of these things, and which ofthem in particular places are worth most; for some do better in oneplace, some in another.
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