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Full Online Book HomeNonfictionsA Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter X
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter X Post by :jean_ventura Category :Nonfictions Author :Aristotle Date :January 2011 Read :2985

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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter X

We have now determined what was before doubtful, whether or no the art
of getting money is his business who is at the head of a family or a
state, and though not strictly so, it is however very necessary; for
as a politician does not make men, but receiving them from the hand of
nature employs them to proper purposes; thus the earth, or the sea, or
something else ought to supply them with provisions, and this it is
the business of the master of the family to manage properly; for it is
not the weaver's business to make yarn, but to use it, and to
distinguish what is good and useful from what is bad and of no
service; and indeed some one may inquire why getting money should be a
part of economy when the art of healing is not, as it is as requisite
that the family should be in health as that they should eat, or have
anything else which is necessary; and as it is indeed in some
particulars the business both of the master of the family, and he to
whom the government of the state is entrusted, to see after the health
of those under their care, but in others not, but the physician's; so
also as to money; in some respects it is the business of the master of
the family, in others not, but of the servant; but as we have already
said, it is chiefly nature's, for it is her part to supply her
offspring with food; for everything finds nourishment left for it in
what produced it; for which reason the natural riches of all men arise
from fruits and animals. Now money-making, as we say, being twofold,
it may be applied to two purposes, the service of the house or retail
trade; of which the first is necessary and commendable, the other
justly censurable; for it has not its origin in (1258b) nature, but by
it men gain from each other; for usury is most reasonably detested, as
it is increasing our fortune by money itself, and not employing it for
the purpose it was originally intended, namely exchange.

And this is the explanation of the name (TOKOS), which means the
breeding of money. For as offspring resemble their parents, so usury
is money bred of money. Whence of all forms of money-making it is most
against nature.

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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XI A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XI

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter XI
Having already sufficiently considered the general principles of thissubject, let us now go into the practical part thereof; the one is aliberal employment for the mind, the other necessary. These thingsare useful in the management of one's affairs; to be skilful in thenature of cattle, which are most profitable, and where, and how; asfor instance, what advantage will arise from keeping horses, or oxen,or sheep, or any other live stock; it is also necessary to beacquainted with the comparative value of these things, and which ofthem in particular places are worth most; for some do better in oneplace, some in another.

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter IX A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter IX

A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter IX
There is also another species of acquisition which they (1257a)particularly call pecuniary, and with great propriety; and by thisindeed it seems that there are no bounds to riches and wealth. Nowmany persons suppose, from their near relation to each other, thatthis is one and the same with that we have just mentioned, but it isnot the same as that, though not very different; one of these isnatural, the other is not, but rather owing to some art and skill; wewill enter into a particular examination of this subject. The uses ofevery possession are two, both dependent upon the thing itself, butnot