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Full Online Book HomeNonfictionsA Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter I
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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter I Post by :egiftmall Category :Nonfictions Author :Aristotle Date :January 2011 Read :2930

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A Treatise On Government - BOOK I - Chapter I

e see that every city is a society, and every society Ed. is
established for some good purpose; for an apparent (Bekker 1252a) good
is the spring of all human actions; it is evident that this is the
principle upon which they are every one founded, and this is more
especially true of that which has for its object the best possible,
and is itself the most excellent, and comprehends all the rest. Now
this is called a city, and the society thereof a political society;
for those who think that the principles of a political, a regal, a
family, and a herile government are the same are mistaken, while they
suppose that each of these differ in the numbers to whom their power
extends, but not in their constitution: so that with them a herile
government is one composed of a very few, a domestic of more, a civil
and a regal of still more, as if there was no difference between a
large family and a small city, or that a regal government and a
political one are the same, only that in the one a single person is
continually at the head of public affairs; in the other, that each
member of the state has in his turn a share in the government, and is
at one time a magistrate, at another a private person, according to
the rules of political science. But now this is not true, as will be
evident to any one who will consider this question in the most
approved method. As, in an inquiry into every other subject, it is
necessary to separate the different parts of which it is compounded,
till we arrive at their first elements, which are the most minute
parts thereof; so by the same proceeding we shall acquire a knowledge
of the primary parts of a city and see wherein they differ from each
other, and whether the rules of art will give us any assistance in
examining into each of these things which are mentioned.
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if in this particular science any one would attend to its originalseeds, and their first shoot, he would then as in others have thesubject perfectly before him; and perceive, in the first place, thatit is requisite that those should be joined together whose speciescannot exist without each other, as the male and the female, for thebusiness of propagation; and this not through choice, but by thatnatural impulse which acts both upon plants and animals also, for thepurpose of their leaving behind them others like themselves. It isalso from natural causes that some beings command and others obey,that each may obtain their
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First edition of works (with omission of Rhetorica, Poetica, andsecond book of OEconomica), 5 vols. by Aldus Manutius, Venice, 1495-8;re-impression supervised by Erasmus and with certain corrections byGrynaeus (including Rhetorica and Poetica), 1531, 1539, revised 1550;later editions were followed by that of Immanuel Bekker and Brandis(Greek and Latin), 5 vols. The 5th vol. contains the Index by Bonitz,1831-70; Didot edition (Greek and Latin), 5 vols. 1848-74.ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS: Edited by T. Taylor, with Porphyry'sIntroduction, 9 vols., 1812; under editorship of J. A. Smith and W. D.Ross, 1908.Later editions of separate works:De Anima: Torstrik, 1862; Trendelenburg, 2nd edition, 1877, withEnglish translation, E. Wallace,
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