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Wisdom Of Life: Position: Rank Post by :infinityrose Category :Essays Author :Arthur Schopenhauer Date :April 2011 Read :3711

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Wisdom Of Life: Position: Rank

(Position, or A Man's Place in the Estimation of Others > Section 3. Rank)

Let us take rank first, as it may be dismissed in a few words, although it plays an important part in the eyes of the masses and of the philistines, and is a most useful wheel in the machinery of the State.

It has a purely conventional value. Strictly speaking, it is a sham; its method is to exact an artificial respect, and, as a matter of fact, the whole thing is a mere farce.

Orders, it may be said, are bills of exchange drawn on public opinion, and the measure of their value is the credit of the drawer. Of course, as a substitute for pensions, they save the State a good deal of money; and, besides, they serve a very useful purpose, if they are distributed with discrimination and judgment. For people in general have eyes and ears, it is true; but not much else, very little judgment indeed, or even memory. There are many services of the State quite beyond the range of their understanding; others, again, are appreciated and made much of for a time, and then soon forgotten. It seems to me, therefore, very proper, that a cross or a star should proclaim to the mass of people always and everywhere, _This man is not like you; he has done something_. But orders lose their value when they are distributed unjustly, or without due selection, or in too great numbers: a prince should be as careful in conferring them as a man of business is in signing a bill. It is a pleonasm to inscribe on any order _for distinguished service_; for every order ought to be for distinguished service. That stands to reason.

(The end)
Arthur Schopenhauer's essay: Wisdom Of Life: Position: Rank

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Wisdom Of Life: Position: Pride Wisdom Of Life: Position: Pride

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(Position, or A Man's Place in the Estimation of Others > Section 2. Pride) The folly of our nature which we are discussing puts forth three shoots, ambition, vanity and pride. The difference between the last two is this: _pride_ is an established conviction of one's own paramount worth in some particular respect; while _vanity_ is the desire of rousing such a conviction in others, and it is generally accompanied by the secret hope of ultimately coming to the same conviction oneself. Pride works _from within_; it is the direct appreciation of oneself. Vanity is the desire to arrive at this

Wisdom Of Life: Position: Honor Wisdom Of Life: Position: Honor

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(Position, or A Man's Place in the Estimation of Others > Section 4. Honor) Honor is a much larger question than rank, and more difficult to discuss. Let us begin by trying to define it. If I were to say _Honor is external conscience, and conscience is inward honor_, no doubt a good many people would assent; but there would be more show than reality about such a definition, and it would hardly go to the root of the matter. I prefer to say, _Honor is, on its objective side, other people's opinion of what we are worth; on its subjective