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Conclusions (summary Of Religious Characteristics) Conclusions (summary Of Religious Characteristics)

Conclusions (summary Of Religious Characteristics)
Summary of religious characteristics-- Men's religions need not be identical-- "The science of religions" can only suggest, not proclaims a religious creed-- Is religion a "survival" of primitive thought?-- Modern science rules out the concept of personality-- Anthropomorphism and belief in the personal characterized pre-scientific thought-- Personal forces are real, in spite of this-- Scientific objects are abstractions, only individualized experiences are concrete-- Religion holds by the concrete-- Primarily religion is a biological reaction-- Its simplest terms are an uneasiness and a deliverance; description of the deliverance-- Question of the reality of the higher power-- The author's hypotheses: 1. The subconscious... Essays - Post by : Not4u2c - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 1334

Other Characteristics (aesthetic Elements In Religion) Other Characteristics (aesthetic Elements In Religion)

Other Characteristics (aesthetic Elements In Religion)
OTHER CHARACTERISTICS Aesthetic elements in religion--Contrast of Catholicism and Protestantism-- Sacrifice and Confession-- Prayer-- Religion holds that spiritual work is really effected in prayer-- Three degrees of opinion as to what is effected-- First degree-- Second degree-- Third degree-- Automatisms, their frequency among religious leaders-- Jewish cases-- Mohammed-- Joseph Smith-- Religion and the subconscious region in general. We have wound our way back, after our excursion through mysticism and philosophy, to where we were before: the uses of religion, its uses to the individual who has it, and the uses of the individual himself to the world, are the... Essays - Post by : aurum - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 1621

Philosophy Philosophy

Philosophy
The subject of Saintliness left us face to face with the question, Is the sense of divine presence a sense of anything objectively true? We turned first to mysticism for an answer, and found that although mysticism is entirely willing to corroborate religion, it is too private (and also too various) in its utterances to be able to claim a universal authority. But philosophy publishes results which claim to be universally valid if they are valid at all, so we now turn with our question to philosophy. Can philosophy stamp a warrant of veracity upon the religious man's... Essays - Post by : wfelixb69 - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 2771

Mysticism Mysticism

Mysticism
Over and over again in these lectures I have raised points and left them open and unfinished until we should have come to the subject of Mysticism. Some of you, I fear, may have smiled as you noted my reiterated postponements. But now the hour has come when mysticism must be faced in good earnest, and those broken threads wound up together. One may say truly, I think, that personal religious experience has its root and centre in mystical states of consciousness; so for us, who in these lectures are treating personal experience as the exclusive subject of... Essays - Post by : crozierdirk - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 2989

The Value Of Saintliness The Value Of Saintliness

The Value Of Saintliness
We have now passed in review the more important of the phenomena which are regarded as fruits of genuine religion and characteristics of men who are devout. Today we have to change our attitude from that of description to that of appreciation; we have to ask whether the fruits in question can help us to judge the absolute value of what religion adds to human life. Were I to parody Kant, I should say that a "Critique of pure Saintliness" must be our theme. If, in turning to this theme, we could descend upon our subject from above like... Essays - Post by : burrr - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 3548

Saintliness Saintliness

Saintliness
The last lecture left us in a state of expectancy. What may the practical fruits for life have been, of such movingly happy conversions as those we heard of? With this question the really important part of our task opens, for you remember that we began all this empirical inquiry not merely to open a curious chapter in the natural history of human consciousness, but rather to attain a spiritual judgment as to the total value and positive meaning of all the religious trouble and happiness which we have seen. We must, therefore, first describe the fruits of... Essays - Post by : 41566 - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 2918

Conversion Conversion

Conversion
To be converted, to be regenerated, to receive grace, to experience religion, to gain an assurance, are so many phrases which denote the process, gradual or sudden, by which a self hitherto divided, and consciously wrong inferior and unhappy, becomes unified and consciously right superior and happy, in consequence of its firmer hold upon religious realities. This at least is what conversion signifies in general terms, whether or not we believe that a direct divine operation is needed to bring such a moral change about. Before entering upon a minuter study of the process, let me enliven our understanding of... Essays - Post by : BobTeske - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 3025

The Divided Self, And The Process Of Its Unification The Divided Self, And The Process Of Its Unification

The Divided Self, And The Process Of Its Unification
The last lecture was a painful one, dealing as it did with evil as a pervasive element of the world we live in. At the close of it we were brought into full view of the contrast between the two ways of looking at life which are characteristic respectively of what we called the healthy-minded, who need to be born only once, and of the sick souls, who must be twice-born in order to be happy. The result is two different conceptions of the universe of our experience. In the religion of the once-born the world is a... Essays - Post by : glolo - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 1098

The Sick Soul The Sick Soul

The Sick Soul
At our last meeting, we considered the healthy-minded temperament, the temperament which has a constitutional incapacity for prolonged suffering, and in which the tendency to see things optimistically is like a water of crystallization in which the individual's character is set. We saw how this temperament may become the basis for a peculiar type of religion, a religion in which good, even the good of this world's life, is regarded as the essential thing for a rational being to attend to. This religion directs him to settle his scores with the more evil aspects of the universe by systematically... Essays - Post by : jamesjoseph - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 2187

The Religion Of Healthy Mindedness The Religion Of Healthy Mindedness

The Religion Of Healthy Mindedness
If we were to ask the question: "What is human life's chief concern?" one of the answers we should receive would be: "It is happiness." How to gain, how to keep, how to recover happiness, is in fact for most men at all times the secret motive of all they do, and of all they are willing to endure. The hedonistic school in ethics deduces the moral life wholly from the experiences of happiness and unhappiness which different kinds of conduct bring; and, even more in the religious life than in the moral life, happiness and unhappiness... Essays - Post by : FayeB - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 2939

The Reality Of The Unseen The Reality Of The Unseen

The Reality Of The Unseen
Were one asked to characterize the life of religion in the broadest and most general terms possible, one might say that it consists of the belief that there is an unseen order, and that our supreme good lies in harmoniously adjusting ourselves thereto. This belief and this adjustment are the religious attitude in the soul. I wish during this hour to call your attention to some of the psychological peculiarities of such an attitude as this, or belief in an object which we cannot see. All our attitudes, moral, practical, or emotional, as well as religious, are due... Essays - Post by : roedrpx - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 3186

Circumscription Of The Topic Circumscription Of The Topic

Circumscription Of The Topic
Most books on the philosophy of religion try to begin with a precise definition of what its essence consists of. Some of these would-be definitions may possibly come before us in later portions of this course, and I shall not be pedantic enough to enumerate any of them to you now. Meanwhile the very fact that they are so many and so different from one another is enough to prove that the word "religion" cannot stand for any single principle or essence, but is rather a collective name. The theorizing mind tends always to the oversimplification of its materials.... Essays - Post by : syngress - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 9882

Religion And Neurology Religion And Neurology

Religion And Neurology
It is with no small amount of trepidation that I take my place behind this desk, and face this learned audience. To us Americans, the experience of receiving instruction from the living voice, as well as from the books, of European scholars, is very familiar. At my own University of Harvard, not a winter passes without its harvest, large or small, of lectures from Scottish, English, French, or German representatives of the science or literature of their respective countries whom we have either induced to cross the ocean to address us, or captured on the wing as they were... Essays - Post by : storm1234 - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 928

Absolutism And Empiricism Absolutism And Empiricism

Absolutism And Empiricism
No seeker of truth can fail to rejoice at the terre-a-terre sort of discussion of the issues between Empiricism and Transcendentalism (or, as the champions of the latter would probably prefer to say, between Irrationalism and Rationalism) that seems to have begun in Mind.(1) It would seem as if, over concrete examples like Mr. J. S. Haldane's, both parties ought inevitably to come to a better understanding. As a reader with a strong bias towards Irrationalism, I have studied his article(2) with the liveliest admiration of its temper and its painstaking effort to be clear. But the cases discussed failed to... Essays - Post by : rock78230 - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 929

Humanism And Truth Once More Humanism And Truth Once More

Humanism And Truth Once More
HUMANISM AND TRUTH ONCE MORE.(129) Mr. Joseph's criticism of my article 'Humanism and Truth'(130) is a useful contribution to the general clearing up. He has seriously tried to comprehend what the pragmatic movement may intelligibly mean; and if he has failed, it is the fault neither of his patience nor of his sincerity, but rather of stubborn tricks of thought which he could not easily get rid of. Minute polemics, in which the parties try to rebut every detail of each of the other's charges, are a useful exercise only to the disputants. They can but breed confusion in a reader.... Essays - Post by : MargaretD - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 2006

Mr. Pitkin's Refutation Of 'radical Empiricism' Mr. Pitkin's Refutation Of 'radical Empiricism'

Mr. Pitkin's Refutation Of 'radical Empiricism'
MR. PITKIN'S REFUTATION OF 'RADICAL EMPIRICISM'(122) Although Mr. Pitkin does not name me in his acute article on radical empiricism,(123) (...) I fear that some readers, knowing me to have applied that name to my own doctrine, may possibly consider themselves to have been in at my death. In point of fact my withers are entirely unwrung. I have, indeed, said(124) that 'to be radical, an empiricism must not admit into its constructions any element that is not directly experienced.' But in my own radical empiricism this is only a methodological postulate, not a conclusion supposed to flow from the intrinsic... Essays - Post by : coach - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 1701

Is Radical Empiricism Solipsistic? Is Radical Empiricism Solipsistic?

Is Radical Empiricism Solipsistic?
IS RADICAL EMPIRICISM SOLIPSISTIC?(1) If all the criticisms which the humanistic Weltanschauung is receiving were as sachgemaess as Mr. Bode's,(2) the truth of the matter would more rapidly clear up. Not only is it excellently well written, but it brings its own point of view out clearly, and admits of a perfectly straight reply. The argument (unless I fail to catch it) can be expressed as follows: If a series of experiences be supposed, no one of which is endowed immediately with the self-transcendent function of reference to a reality beyond itself, no motive will occur within the series for supposing... Essays - Post by : carolinatraders - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 1921

La Notion De Conscience (in French) La Notion De Conscience (in French)

La Notion De Conscience (in French)
LA NOTION DE CONSCIENCE(1) Je voudrais vous communiquer quelques doutes qui me sont venus au sujet de la notion de Conscience qui regne dans tous nos traites de psychologie. On definit habituellement la Psychologie comme la Science des faits de Conscience, ou des phenomenes, ou encore des etats de la Conscience. Qu'on admette qu'elle se rattache a des moi personnels, ou bien qu'on la croie impersonnelle a la facon du "moi transcendental" de Kant, de la Bewusstheit ou du Bewusstsein ueberhaupt de nos contemporains en Allemagne, cette conscience est toujours regardee comme possedant une essence propre, absolument distincte de l'essence des... Essays - Post by : sev7en - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 3408

The Essence Of Humanism The Essence Of Humanism

The Essence Of Humanism
THE ESSENCE OF HUMANISM(105) Humanism is a ferment that has 'come to stay.'(106) It is not a single hypothesis or theorem, and it dwells on no new facts. It is rather a slow shifting in the philosophic perspective, making things appear as from a new centre of interest or point of sight. Some writers are strongly conscious of the shifting, others half unconscious, even though their own vision may have undergone much change. The result is no small confusion in debate, the half-conscious humanists often taking part against the radical ones, as if they wished to count upon the other side.(107)... Essays - Post by : avgjoe - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 776

The Experience Of Activity The Experience Of Activity

The Experience Of Activity
THE EXPERIENCE OF ACTIVITY(85) BRETHREN OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION: In casting about me for a subject for your President this year to talk about it has seemed to me that our experiences of activity would form a good one; not only because the topic is so naturally interesting, and because it has lately led to a good deal of rather inconclusive discussion, but because I myself am growing more and more interested in a certain systematic way of handling questions, and want to get others interested also, and this question strikes me as one in which, although I am painfully aware... Essays - Post by : temudry - Date : October 2011 - Author : William James - Read : 1238