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Life And Habit - Preface Life And Habit - Preface

Life And Habit - Preface
Since Samuel Butler published "Life and Habit" thirty-three {1} years have elapsed--years fruitful in change and discovery, during which many of the mighty have been put down from their seat and many of the humble have been exalted. I do not know that Butler can truthfully be called humble, indeed, I think he had very few misgivings as to his ultimate triumph, but he has certainly been exalted with a rapidity that he himself can scarcely have foreseen. During his lifetime he was a literary pariah, the victim of an organized conspiracy of silence. He is now, I... Nonfictions - Post by : azaus - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1081

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 13. Conclusion Unconscious Memory - Chapter 13. Conclusion

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 13. Conclusion
CHAPTER XIII. Conclusion If we observed the resemblance between successive generations to be as close as that between distilled water and distilled water through all time, and if we observed that perfect unchangeableness in the action of living beings which we see in what we call chemical and mechanical combinations, we might indeed suspect that memory had as little place among the causes of their action as it can have in anything, and that each repetition, whether of a habit or the practice of art, or of an embryonic process in successive generations, was an original performance, for all that memory... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 3030

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 9. Remarks upon Von Hartmann's position... Unconscious Memory - Chapter 9. Remarks upon Von Hartmann's position...

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 9. Remarks upon Von Hartmann's position...
CHAPTER IX. Remarks upon Von Hartmann's position in regard to instinct. Uncertain how far the foregoing chapter is not better left without comment of any kind, I nevertheless think that some of my readers may be helped by the following extracts from the notes I took while translating. I will give them as they come, without throwing them into connected form. Von Hartmann defines instinct as action done with a purpose, but without consciousness of purpose. The building of her nest by a bird is an instinctive action; it is done with a purpose, but it is arbitrary to say... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1989

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 8. Translation of the chapter on 'The Unconscious... Unconscious Memory - Chapter 8. Translation of the chapter on "The Unconscious...

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 8. Translation of the chapter on 'The Unconscious...
CHAPTER VIII. Translation of the chapter on "The Unconscious in Instinct," from Von Hartmann's "Philosophy of the Unconscious." Von Hartmann's chapter on instinct is as follows:- Instinct is action taken in pursuance of a purpose but without conscious perception of what the purpose is. {92a} Footnote{92a}:"Instinct ist zweckmassiges Handeln ohne Bewusstsein des Zwecks."--Philosophy of the Unconscious, 3d ed., Berlin, 1871, p. 70. A purposive action, with consciousness of the purpose and where the course taken is the result of deliberation is not said to be instinctive; nor yet, again, is blind aimless action, such as outbreaks of fury on the part... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1520

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 7. Introduction to a translation of the chapter Unconscious Memory - Chapter 7. Introduction to a translation of the chapter

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 7. Introduction to a translation of the chapter
CHAPTER VII. Introduction to a translation of the chapter upon instinct in Von Hartmann's "Philosophy of the Unconscious." I am afraid my readers will find the chapter on instinct from Von Hartmann's "Philosophy of the Unconscious," which will now follow, as distasteful to read as I did to translate, and would gladly have spared it them if I could. At present, the works of Mr. Sully, who has treated of the "Philosophy of the Unconscious" both in the Westminster Review (vol. xlix. N.S.) and in his work "Pessimism," are the best source to which English readers can have recourse for... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 2986

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 6. Professor Ewald Hering 'On Memory' Unconscious Memory - Chapter 6. Professor Ewald Hering "On Memory"

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 6. Professor Ewald Hering 'On Memory'
CHAPTER VI. Professor Ewald Hering "On Memory" I will now lay before the reader a translation of Professor Hering's own words. I have had it carefully revised throughout by a gentleman whose native language is German, but who has resided in England for many years past. The original lecture is entitled "On Memory as a Universal Function of Organised Matter," and was delivered at the anniversary meeting of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Vienna, May 30, 1870. {63} It is as follows:- Footnote{63} The lecture is published by Karl Gerold's Sohn, Vienna. "When the student of Nature... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 863

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 5. Introduction to Professor Hering's lecture Unconscious Memory - Chapter 5. Introduction to Professor Hering's lecture

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 5. Introduction to Professor Hering's lecture
CHAPTER V. Introduction to Professor Hering's lecture After I had finished "Evolution, Old and New," I wrote some articles for the Examiner, {52} in which I carried out the idea put forward in "Life and Habit," that we are one person with our ancestors. It follows from this, that all living animals and vegetables, being--as appears likely if the theory of evolution is accepted--descended from a common ancestor, are in reality one person, and unite to form a body corporate, of whose existence, however, they are unconscious. There is an obvious analogy between this and the manner in which the... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1900

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 4. The manner in which Mr. Darwin met... Unconscious Memory - Chapter 4. The manner in which Mr. Darwin met...

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 4. The manner in which Mr. Darwin met...
CHAPTER IV. The manner in which Mr. Darwin met "Evolution, Old and New." By far the most important notice of "Evolution, Old and New," was that taken by Mr. Darwin himself; for I can hardly be mistaken in believing that Dr. Krause's article would have been allowed to repose unaltered in the pages of the well-known German scientific journal, Kosmos, unless something had happened to make Mr. Darwin feel that his reticence concerning his grandfather must now be ended Mr. Darwin, indeed, gives me the impression of wishing me to understand that this is not the case. At the beginning... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 780

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 3. How I came to write 'Evolution, Old and New'... Unconscious Memory - Chapter 3. How I came to write "Evolution, Old and New"...

Unconscious Memory - Chapter 3. How I came to write 'Evolution, Old and New'...
CHAPTER III. How I came to write "Evolution, Old and New"--Mr Darwin's "brief but imperfect" sketch of the opinions of the writers on evolution who had preceded him--The reception which "Evolution, Old and New," met with. Though my book was out in 1877, it was not till January 1878 that I took an opportunity of looking up Professor Ray Lankester's account of Professor Hering's lecture. I can hardly say how relieved I was to find that it sprung no mine upon me, but that, so far as I could gather, Professor Hering and I had come to pretty much the... Nonfictions - Post by : nadia - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 3104

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 10 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 10

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 10
CHAPTER XChoice of a Run--Boundaries--Maoris--Wages--Servants--Drunkenness-- Cooking--Wethers--Choice of Homestead--Watchfulness required--Burning the Country--Yards for Sheep--Ewes and Lambs--Lambing Season--Wool Sheds--Sheep Washing--Putting up a Hut--Gardens--Farewell. In looking for a run, some distance must be traversed; the country near Christ Church is already stocked. The waste lands are, indeed, said to be wholly taken up throughout the colony ver they are capable of supporting sheep. It may, however, be a matter of some satisfaction to a new settler to examine this point for himself, and to consider what he requires in the probable event of having to purchase the goodwill of a run, with... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 3520

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 9 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 9

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 9
CHAPTER IXPlants of Canterbury--Turnip--Tutu--Ferns--Ti Palm--Birds--Paradise Duck--Tern--Quail--Wood Hen--Robin--Linnet--Pigeon--Moa--New Parroquet-- Quadrupeds--Eels--Insects--Weta--Lizards. The flora of this province is very disappointing, and the absence of beautiful flowers adds to the uninteresting character which too generally pervades the scenery, save among the great Southern Alps themselves. There is no burst of bloom as there is in Switzerland and Italy, and the trees being, with few insignificant exceptions, all evergreen, the difference between winter and summer is chiefly perceptible by the state of the grass and the temperature. I do not know one really pretty flower which belongs to the plains; I believe there are... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1121

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 8 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 8

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 8
CHAPTER VIIITaking up the Run--Hut within the Boundary--Land Regulations--Race to Christ Church--Contest for Priority of Application--Successful issue-- Winds and their Effects--Their conflicting Currents--Sheep crossing the River. There was a little hut on my run built by another person, and tenanted by his shepherd. G- had an application for 5,000 acres in the same block of country with mine, and as the boundaries were uncertain until the whole was surveyed, and the runs definitely marked out on the Government maps, he had placed his hut upon a spot that turned out eventually not to belong to him. I had waited... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1735

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 7 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 7

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 7
CHAPTER VIILoading Dray--Bullocks--Want of Roads--Banks Peninsula--Front and Back Ranges of Mountains--River-beds--Origin of the Plains--Terraces--Tutu-- Fords--Floods--Lost Bullocks--Scarcity of Features on the Plains-- Terraces--Crossing the Ashburton--Change of Weather--Roofless Hut-- Brandy-keg. I completed the loading of my dray on a Tuesday afternoon in the early part of October, 1860, and determined on making Main's accommodation- house that night. Of the contents of the dray I need hardly speak, though perhaps a full enumeration of them might afford no bad index to the requirements of a station; they are more numerous than might at first be supposed--rigidly useful and rarely if ever ornamental. Flour,... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 3056

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 3 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 3

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 3
CHAPTER IIIAspect of Port Lyttelton--Ascent of Hill behind it--View--Christ Church- -Yankeeisms--Return to Port Lyttelton and Ship--Phormium Tenax--Visit to a Farm--Moa Bones. January 27, 1860.--Oh, the heat! the clear transparent atmosphere, and the dust! How shall I describe everything--the little townlet, for I cannot call it town, nestling beneath the bare hills that we had been looking at so longingly all the morning--the scattered wooden boxes of houses, with ragged roods of scrubby ground between them--the tussocks of brown grass--the huge wide-leafed flax, with its now seedy stem, sometimes 15 or 16 feet high, luxuriant and tropical-looking--the healthy clear-complexioned men, shaggy-bearded,... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 889

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 2 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 2

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 2
CHAPTER IILife on Board--Calm--Boat Lowered--Snares and Traps--Land--Driven off coast--Enter Port Lyttelton--Requisites for a Sea Voyage--Spirit of Adventure aroused. Before continuing the narrative of my voyage, I must turn to other topics and give you some account of my life on board. My time has passed very pleasantly: I have read a good deal; I have nearly finished Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, am studying Liebig's Agricultural Chemistry, and learning the concertina on the instrument of one of my fellow-passengers. Besides this, I have had the getting up and management of our choir. We practise... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1766

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 1 A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 1

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Chapter 1
CHAPTER IEmbarkation at Gravesend--Arrest of Passenger--Tilbury Fort--Deal--Bay of Biscay Gale--Becalmed off Teneriffe--Fire in the Galley--Trade Winds- -Belt of Calms--Death on Board--Shark--Current--S. E. Trade Winds-- Temperature--Birds--Southern Cross--Cyclone. It is a windy, rainy day--cold withal; a little boat is putting off from the pier at Gravesend, and making for a ship that is lying moored in the middle of the river; therein are some half-dozen passengers and a lot of heterogeneous-looking luggage; among the passengers, and the owner of some of the most heterogeneous of the heterogeneous luggage, is myself. The ship is an emigrant ship, and I am one of the emigrants.... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 3355

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Introduction A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Introduction

A First Year In Canterbury Settlement - Introduction
By R. A. Streatfeild Since Butler's death in 1902 his fame has spread so rapidly and the world of letters now takes so keen in interest in the man and his writings that no apology is necessary for the republication of even his least significant works. I had long desired to bring out a new edition of his earliest book A FIRST YEAR IN CANTERBURY SETTLEMENT, together with the other pieces that he wrote during his residence in New Zealand, and, that wish being now realised, I have added a supplementary group of pieces written during his undergraduate days at... Nonfictions - Post by : eLogo - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 3149

Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 28. George And I Spend A Few Hours Together... Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 28. George And I Spend A Few Hours Together...

Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 28. George And I Spend A Few Hours Together...
CHAPTER XXVIII. GEORGE AND I SPEND A FEW HOURS TOGETHER AT THE STATUES, AND THEN PART--I REACH HOME--POSTSCRIPTI have said on an earlier page that George gained an immediate ascendancy over me, but ascendancy is not the word--he took me by storm; how, or why, I neither know nor want to know, but before I had been with him more than a few minutes I felt as though I had known and loved him all my life. And the dog fawned upon him as though he felt just as I did. "Come to the statues," said he, as soon as... Long Stories - Post by : ispvipcorp - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1331

Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 27. I Meet My Brother George At The Statues... Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 27. I Meet My Brother George At The Statues...

Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 27. I Meet My Brother George At The Statues...
CHAPTER XXVII. I MEET MY BROTHER GEORGE AT THE STATUES, ON THE TOP OF THE PASS INTO EREWHONThis book has already become longer than I intended, but I will ask the reader to have patience while I tell him briefly of my own visit to the threshold of that strange country of which I fear that he may be already beginning to tire. The winding-up of my father's estate was a very simple matter, and by the beginning of September 1891 I should have been free to start; but about that time I became engaged, and naturally enough I did not... Long Stories - Post by : ispvipcorp - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1715

Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 26. My Father Reaches Home, And Dies Not Long Afterwards Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 26. My Father Reaches Home, And Dies Not Long Afterwards

Erewhon Revisited - Chapter 26. My Father Reaches Home, And Dies Not Long Afterwards
CHAPTER XXVI. MY FATHER REACHES HOME, AND DIES NOT LONG AFTERWARDSMy father could walk but slowly, for George's boots had blistered his feet, and it seemed to him that the river-bed, of which he caught glimpses now and again, never got any nearer; but all things come to an end, and by seven o'clock on the night of Tuesday, he was on the spot which he had left on the preceding Friday morning. Three entire days had intervened, but he felt that something, he knew not what, had seized him, and that whereas before these three days life had been... Long Stories - Post by : ispvipcorp - Date : May 2012 - Author : Samuel Butler - Read : 1043